(c) Ferret Info UK

DO NOT use petroleum jelly, any liquid solutions, or freeze / burn the tick, as this will stimulate it to regurgitate its stomach contents, increasing the chance of infection. More information >

The O’Tom Tick Twister ® is favoured by professionals (veterinary, medical, forestry and field workers etc), as well as by members of the general public.

In a comparison study of four different tick-removal devices, published in the Veterinary Record (2006, 159, 526-529), the O’Tom Tick Twister ® was compared with surgical forceps, a pen-tweezer device, and a tempered steel tool (slit and traction action). The O’Tom Tick Twister ® proved to be significantly better than the other devices for the time required to remove the tick, the ease with which the tick was grabbed, the force needed to extract the tick, the reaction of the animal, and the condition of the tick’s mouth parts.

At under £5 for a pair of twisters these are ideal to have in the house just in case your ferret or other pet picks up a tick. These can be purchased online via most pet and veterinary stores.

Chemical tick, flea and mite treatments

Because there are few medicines licensed for the treatment of pets other than dogs or cats, practitioners often turn to off-label use of products that are available forthe treatment of other species.

----------------------------------------------------------------------

STRONGHOLD (aka Revolution / Salamectin) - FLEAS & EAR MITES

There is a good article about use here,
http://www.jarvm.com/articles/Vol5Iss3/Beck%2087-96.pdf

Unfortunately it hasnt been licenced for use in ferrets in the UK.

POM-V - available through Vets or with veterinary prescription

The safe dosage confirmed for ferrets is:

Fleas (Ctenocephalides felis) 6-18 mg/kg body weight (15mg may be required) - Repeat monthly treatments may be required. Note - Moorman-Roest successfully controlled flea infestation in ferrets utilizing monthly applications of 15-mg selamectin per ferret, regardless of weight.

Ear mites (Otodectescynotis) 15mg Adjust the dose rate for small or young animals. Do not apply direct to the ear canal.

Ticks It does have some effect against ticks but can take 5+ days before taking effect on them.

SO it would appear that 15mg of Stronghold spot on (containing 0.25 ml 6% selamectin) is suitable for treating fleas and earmites monthly in ferrets. Which equates to 1 tube of Stronghold 15 mg (Rose coloured top). Do not allow recently treated animals to groom each other. If licking occurs, a brief period of hypersalivation may be observed. Do not use in animals under 6 weeks of age. During treatment with Stronghold no other antiparasitic macrocyclic lactone should be administered.

----------------------------------------------------------------------

FRONTLINE COMBO SPOT-ON CAT - FLEAS & TICKS (licenced for use in UK for ferrets)

POM-V - available through Vets or with veterinary prescription

This is now licenced as a POM-V for use in ferrets in the UK for fleas (Ctenocephalides spp.)
and ticks (Ixodes ricinus), for ferrets over 6 months of age. The safety of this product has
not been established in ferrets during pregnancy and lactation, and is not recommended for
treatment of sick (systemic diseases, fever...) or convalescing ferrets. Also best avoided with
ferrets that have a hypersensitivity to insecticides or alcohol.

One pipette of 0.5ml per ferret corresponding to a dose of 50 mg for fipronil and 60 mg for (S)-methoprene per ferret, by topical application to the skin.

The minimum treatment interval is 4 weeks.

----------------------------------------------------------------------

FRONTLINE (FIPRONIL)/EFFIPRO SPRAY - FLEAS & TICKS

POM-V - available through Vets or with veterinary prescription

Use the cutaneous spray solution containing 0.25% w/v fipronil. The product is active against
Ixodes spp. including Ixodes ricinis, important as the vector of Lyme disease. Again this is
POM-V so only available through vets or with prescription.

It comes in a spray bottle that is dosed at 1 spray per pound of body weight. For treatment of
ferrets application may be carried out by spraying onto a gloved hand and rubbing the product
into the coat, ruffle the coat, so that the product dampens the fur all over and penetrates
down to the skin. Do not apply directly to the ear canal and avoid the eyes, nose and mouth.
Allow to dry naturally (the formulation contains a glossing agent, therefore, spraying builds up
a film and makes the fur glossy). Allow treated animals to dry in a well ventilated room.
Repeat monthly.

Do not use on sick (systemic diseases, fever...) or convalescent animals. Do not allow recently
treated animals to groom each other. If licking occurs, a brief period of hypersalivation may be
observed due mainly to the nature of the carrier.

Frontline has been found to be safe and effective for ferrets." That is from the book Muller and Kirk's Small Animal Dermatology 6th edition 2001. The reference for that quote was Lewington J : Frontline for ferret fleas. University of Sydney, Postgraduate Foundation Veterinary Science Control Therapy Series 189:856, 1996. The second source is Vet Clinics of North America, Exotic Animal Practice: Therapeutics Jan. 2000. This article was by Dr Bruce Williams. He lists both Frontline and Advantage for use on ferrets. As for which one is better- both products work well on fleas! Advantage just kills fleas. Which one last longer? ; however, Advantage dose will last a week. Frontline is cheaper. The spray form is the most cost effective if you have a lot of animals. Frontline will work for 30 days.

----------------------------------------------------------------------
ADVOCATE - FLEAS & EAR MITES  (licenced for use in UK for ferrets)
NB Advantage for Small Cats is also available as a without prescription alternative but only treats Fleas.

For ferrets: Do not use Advocate spot on for Large Cats (0.8ml) or Advocate for Dogs (any size), only "Advocate for Small Cats and Ferrets" (0.4 ml) or Advantage 40 must be used. Each pipette of the advocate small cat and ferret presentations contains 40 mg imidacloprid, 4 mg moxidectin. Whereas the Advantage 40 does not contain the moxidectin.

Advocate is licenced by Bayer in the UK for the treatment and prevention of flea infestation (Ctenocephalides felis) and the prevention of heartworm disease (L3 and L4 larvae of Dirofilaria immitis) in ferrets, but also is licenced for treatment of ear mite infestation (Otodectes cynotis) in cats so should treat earmites in ferrets also.

The product’s efficacy has not been tested in ferrets weighing over 2 kg and therefore the duration of effect might be shorter in these animals. Treatment of cats or dogs weighing less than 1 kg, and ferrets weighing less than 0.8 kg should be based on a risk-benefit assessment. The safety of the veterinary medicinal product has not been established during pregnancy and lactation.

Part the fur on the animals neck at the base of the skull until the skin is visible. Place the tip of the pipette on the skin and squeeze the pipette firmly several times to empty its contents directly onto the skin. Application at the base of the skull will minimise the opportunity for the animal to lick the product. Do not apply directly to the ear canal. Apply only to undamaged skin. Do not allow recently treated animals to groom each other.

One treatment prevents future flea infestation for 3 weeks. Existing pupae in the environment may emerge for 6 weeks or longer after treatment is initiated, depending upon climatic conditions. Therefore, it may be necessary to combine Advocate treatment with environmental treatments aimed at breaking the flea life cycle in the surroundings Under heavy flea pressure it may be necessary to repeat the dose after 2 weeks.

During treatment with Advocate no other antiparasitic macrocyclic lactone should be administered. This product contains moxidectin (a macrocyclic lactone),

----------------------------------------------------------------------
XENO 450 (Ivermectin based) - EAR MITES

Xeno 450 is designed as a topical spot on for use on rabbits, guinea pigs, ferrets and birds. The active ingredient ivermectin is a substance known as an endectocide because it kills parasites that cause infestation inside the body (endoparasites) as well as those living outside the body on the skin (ectoparasites). Ivermectin is used in many species for the control of mites, roundworms and lice.

Topical insecticidal and acaricidal spot-on solution. Each pipette contains 450 μg ivermectin. Each pipette contains approximately 20 drops. Each drop will deliver approximately 22.5 μg ivermectin.

Rabbits, guinea pigs and ferrets (200-400 μg/kg) 1.2 kg to 2.25 kg 1 pipette

Do not overdose. Avoid use in or around the eyes, and do not apply to the ear canal. Occasional central nervous system disorders, lethargy, inappetance, local irritation and/or hypersensitivity reactions may be observed. These signs may be more common in young animals. Should such a reaction occur, discontinue use and seek veterinary advice. Do not use on sick (systemic diseases, fever...) or convalescent animals. Do not allow recently treated animals to groom each other. If licking occurs, a brief period of hypersalivation may be observed due mainly to the nature of the carrier.

For routine prevention of common ectoparasites this dose should be repeated monthly. For the treatment of an existing infestation, repeat doses are required two weeks and four weeks after the initial application.

----------------------------------------------------------------------
BEPHAR ANTI-PARASITE SPOT-ON for rabbits, guinea-pigs, ferrets and rats (Ivermectin based)
- EAR MITES

Contains ivermectin (150 ug per pipette) and is effective against lice, mange, mites and roundworms.

For ferrets upto 750g - 1 pipette; 750g-1500g - 2 pipettes; 1500g+ - 3 pipettes.

Twist off the cap and apply the entire contents of the pipette to the back of the neck. While squeezing out the contents spread the solution over as great a surface of the skin as possible.

Do not overdose. Avoid use in or around the eyes, and do not apply to the ear canal. Occasional central nervous system disorders, lethargy, inappetance, local irritation and/or hypersensitivity reactions may be observed. These signs may be more common in young animals. Should such a reaction occur, discontinue use and seek veterinary advice. Do not use on sick (systemic diseases, fever...) or convalescent animals. Do not allow recently treated animals to groom each other. If licking occurs, a brief period of hypersalivation may be observed due mainly to the nature of the carrier.

applying spoton

Lungworm & Heartworm

There are different types of lung worm, the one vets over here in the UK are most concerned with connected with slugs is Angiostrongylus vasorum (also known as French Heartworm - so strange they refer to it as "lung worm"), treatment appears to vary from vet to vet, some vets over here are recommending Advocate spot on as a preventative for Angiostrongylus vasorum and it is also an effective as a Flea and Mite treatment
http://www.animalhealth.bayerhealthcare.com/4910.0.html
 
Advocate is licenced for use as a flea/Angiostrongylus vasorum treatment for ferrets in the UK
http://www.noahcompendium.co.uk/Bayer_plc/Advocate_Spot-on_Solution/-38247.html

Panacur (fenbendazole) also works well at clearing it from infected Dogs and Ferrets.

Merk Manual confirms all the following as options for treating Lungworm - what works seems to depend on the type of lungworm the animal has (and different animal types)

http://www.merckvetmanual.com/mvm/htm/bc/tres01.htm